Major Brazilian ports

There are more than 2000 ports in the world, each with its size and its purpose. In Brazil, according to the Secretaria de Portos (SEP), there are 235 port facilities – taking into account public and private infrastructures. Among these 235 port facilities 37 are considered Public Ports (administered by the federal government – either through the dock companies or through municipal, state or public consortiums), and 161 are river ports.

10 Brazilian Main Ports

The main ports in Brazil are determined according to their efficiency. To this end, it is taken into consideration:

– Cargo volume handled,
– Amount of US$ it generates,
– Size of the port, and
– Influence area.

According to IPEA (Institute of Applied Economic Research), the sum of the factors mentioned above led to the following ranking:

 

NUMBER 1: SANTOS PORT (SP)

Location: Santos/SP
Size: National
Area of influence: SP, GO, MT, MS, MG, RJ, PR, ES, BA, RS, TO, RO and DF.
Participation in the foreign trade of the state of São Paulo: 84, 5%
Amount of US$ it generates: US$ 29,400 million.
How many states use this port: 27
Added value of the exported goods: Medium
Main sectors: mechanical industry, chemical industry, food and beverages, transportation equipment, agribusiness and wood.
Highlights: It is the main Brazilian port in all aspects and the only one that seeps products from 24 Brazilian states.

 

NUMBER 2: PORT OF PARANAGUÁ (PR)

Location: Paranaguá/PR
Size: Large
Area of influence: PR, MT, SC, SP, RJ, RS, RN, AC, TO and GO.
Participation in the foreign trade of the state of Paraná: 27, 1%
Amount of US$ it generates: US$ 7,600 million.
How many states use this port: 4
Added value of the exported goods: Low
Main sectors: agribusiness, wood, food and beverage.
Highlights: The total value of exported goods has greater significance than the imported amount. The 20 most exported products exceeded US$ 30 million.

 

NUMBER 3: RIO DE JANEIRO PORT (RJ)

Location: Rio de Janeiro/RJ
Size: Large
Area of influence: RJ, MG, SP and ES.
Participation in the foreign trade of the state of Rio de Janeiro: 37, 6%
Amount of US$ it generates: US $ 5 200 million.
How many states use this port: 23
Added value of the exported goods: Medium
Main sectors: metallurgy, transportation equipment, chemical industry, mechanical industry and mineral products.
Highlights: The type of cargo handled at this port is quite diversified and concentrated in the manufacturing industry, which means higher added value per unit of each of the exported products.

 

NUMBER 4: PORT OF ITAJAÍ (SC)

Location: Itajaí/SC
Size: Medium
Area of influence: SC, PR, RS, SP and AC.
Participation in Santa Catarina’s foreign trade: 44, 2%
Amount of US$ it generates: US $ 2 900 million.
How many states use this port: 19
Added value of the exported goods: High
Main sectors: agribusiness, wood, footwear, leather, chemical industry, mechanical industry, food and beverage.
Highlights: It is the second port with higher added value products being handled in Brazil, registering about 1.000 US dollars per ton.

 

NUMBER 5: PORT OF VITÓRIA (ES)

Location: Vitória/ES
Size: Large
Area of influence: ES, MG, GO, BA and SP.
Participation in the foreign trade of Espirito Santo state: 53, 9%
Amount of US$ it generates: US $ 8,200 million
How many states use this port: 19
Added value of the exported goods: Low
Main sectors: metallurgy, mineral products, cellulose and paper, agribusiness and wood.
Highlights: The main specialization of the port is the marketing of iron and iron ore.

 

NUMBER 6: PORT OF RIO GRANDE (RS)

Location: Rio Grande/RS
Size: Large
Area of influence: RS and SP.
Participation in the foreign trade of Rio Grande do Sul: 57, 9%
Amount of US$ it generates: $ 6.200 million.
How many states use this port: 21
Added value of the exported goods: Medium
Main sectors: agribusiness and wood, footwear and leather, chemical industry, mechanical industry, food and beverage.
Highlights: Forty-four products recorded export values higher than US$ 10 million and all of the 20 most imported products exceeded US$ 40 million.

 

NUMBER 7: PORT OF SÃO FRANCISCO DO SUL (SC)

Location: San Francisco do Sul/SC
Size: Medium
Area of influence: SC and PR.
Participation in the Santa Catarina’s foreign trade: 36, 0%
Amount of US$ it generates: US$ 2,500 million
How many states use this port: 19
Added value of the exported goods: Medium
Main sectors: agribusiness ,wood, mechanical industry and mineral products.
Highlights: Soya beans exports through this port totalize over 430 million dollars.

 

NUMBER 8: PORT OF SALVADOR (BA)

Location: Salvador/BA
Size: Medium
Area of influence: BA and SE.
Participation in Bahia’s foreign trade: 46, 4%
Amount of US$ it generates: US$ 2,300 million.
How many states use this port: 22
Added value of the exported goods: High
Main sectors: transportation equipment, chemical industry, metallurgy, mineral products, agribusiness and wood.
Highlights: The most exported products through this port are vehicles and the second one is crude oil.

 

NUMBER 9: PORT OF MANAUS (AM)

Location: Manaus/AM
Size: Medium
Area of influence: AM and MT.
Participation in the foreign trade of the state of Manaus: 42, 8%
Amount of US$ it generates: US$ 2,300 million.
How many states use this port: 13
Added value of the exported goods: High
Main sectors: electrical and electronics, mechanical industry.
Highlights: It is the port with higher added value products handled.

NUMBER 10 – PORT OF ARATU (BA)

Location: Aratu/BA
Size: Medium
Area of influence: BA.
Participation in Bahia’s foreign trade: 33, 8%
Amount of US$ it generates: US$ 1,800 million
How many states use this port: 8
Added value of the exported goods: Low
Main sectors: mineral products and chemical industry.
Highlights: This port exports an average amount of US$ 443 million in petroleum oils. In general, the port of Aratu handles products originated from the Camaçari Petrochemical Complex.

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