Major Brazilian ports

There are more than 2000 ports in the world, each with its size and its purpose. In Brazil, according to the Secretaria de Portos (SEP), there are 235 port facilities – taking into account public and private infrastructures. Among these 235 port facilities 37 are considered Public Ports (administered by the federal government – either through the dock companies or through municipal, state or public consortiums), and 161 are river ports.

10 Brazilian Main Ports

The main ports in Brazil are determined according to their efficiency. To this end, it is taken into consideration:

– Cargo volume handled,
– Amount of US$ it generates,
– Size of the port, and
– Influence area.

According to IPEA (Institute of Applied Economic Research), the sum of the factors mentioned above led to the following ranking:

 

NUMBER 1: SANTOS PORT (SP)

Location: Santos/SP
Size: National
Area of influence: SP, GO, MT, MS, MG, RJ, PR, ES, BA, RS, TO, RO and DF.
Participation in the foreign trade of the state of São Paulo: 84, 5%
Amount of US$ it generates: US$ 29,400 million.
How many states use this port: 27
Added value of the exported goods: Medium
Main sectors: mechanical industry, chemical industry, food and beverages, transportation equipment, agribusiness and wood.
Highlights: It is the main Brazilian port in all aspects and the only one that seeps products from 24 Brazilian states.

 

NUMBER 2: PORT OF PARANAGUÁ (PR)

Location: Paranaguá/PR
Size: Large
Area of influence: PR, MT, SC, SP, RJ, RS, RN, AC, TO and GO.
Participation in the foreign trade of the state of Paraná: 27, 1%
Amount of US$ it generates: US$ 7,600 million.
How many states use this port: 4
Added value of the exported goods: Low
Main sectors: agribusiness, wood, food and beverage.
Highlights: The total value of exported goods has greater significance than the imported amount. The 20 most exported products exceeded US$ 30 million.

 

NUMBER 3: RIO DE JANEIRO PORT (RJ)

Location: Rio de Janeiro/RJ
Size: Large
Area of influence: RJ, MG, SP and ES.
Participation in the foreign trade of the state of Rio de Janeiro: 37, 6%
Amount of US$ it generates: US $ 5 200 million.
How many states use this port: 23
Added value of the exported goods: Medium
Main sectors: metallurgy, transportation equipment, chemical industry, mechanical industry and mineral products.
Highlights: The type of cargo handled at this port is quite diversified and concentrated in the manufacturing industry, which means higher added value per unit of each of the exported products.

 

NUMBER 4: PORT OF ITAJAÍ (SC)

Location: Itajaí/SC
Size: Medium
Area of influence: SC, PR, RS, SP and AC.
Participation in Santa Catarina’s foreign trade: 44, 2%
Amount of US$ it generates: US $ 2 900 million.
How many states use this port: 19
Added value of the exported goods: High
Main sectors: agribusiness, wood, footwear, leather, chemical industry, mechanical industry, food and beverage.
Highlights: It is the second port with higher added value products being handled in Brazil, registering about 1.000 US dollars per ton.

 

NUMBER 5: PORT OF VITÓRIA (ES)

Location: Vitória/ES
Size: Large
Area of influence: ES, MG, GO, BA and SP.
Participation in the foreign trade of Espirito Santo state: 53, 9%
Amount of US$ it generates: US $ 8,200 million
How many states use this port: 19
Added value of the exported goods: Low
Main sectors: metallurgy, mineral products, cellulose and paper, agribusiness and wood.
Highlights: The main specialization of the port is the marketing of iron and iron ore.

 

NUMBER 6: PORT OF RIO GRANDE (RS)

Location: Rio Grande/RS
Size: Large
Area of influence: RS and SP.
Participation in the foreign trade of Rio Grande do Sul: 57, 9%
Amount of US$ it generates: $ 6.200 million.
How many states use this port: 21
Added value of the exported goods: Medium
Main sectors: agribusiness and wood, footwear and leather, chemical industry, mechanical industry, food and beverage.
Highlights: Forty-four products recorded export values higher than US$ 10 million and all of the 20 most imported products exceeded US$ 40 million.

 

NUMBER 7: PORT OF SÃO FRANCISCO DO SUL (SC)

Location: San Francisco do Sul/SC
Size: Medium
Area of influence: SC and PR.
Participation in the Santa Catarina’s foreign trade: 36, 0%
Amount of US$ it generates: US$ 2,500 million
How many states use this port: 19
Added value of the exported goods: Medium
Main sectors: agribusiness ,wood, mechanical industry and mineral products.
Highlights: Soya beans exports through this port totalize over 430 million dollars.

 

NUMBER 8: PORT OF SALVADOR (BA)

Location: Salvador/BA
Size: Medium
Area of influence: BA and SE.
Participation in Bahia’s foreign trade: 46, 4%
Amount of US$ it generates: US$ 2,300 million.
How many states use this port: 22
Added value of the exported goods: High
Main sectors: transportation equipment, chemical industry, metallurgy, mineral products, agribusiness and wood.
Highlights: The most exported products through this port are vehicles and the second one is crude oil.

 

NUMBER 9: PORT OF MANAUS (AM)

Location: Manaus/AM
Size: Medium
Area of influence: AM and MT.
Participation in the foreign trade of the state of Manaus: 42, 8%
Amount of US$ it generates: US$ 2,300 million.
How many states use this port: 13
Added value of the exported goods: High
Main sectors: electrical and electronics, mechanical industry.
Highlights: It is the port with higher added value products handled.

NUMBER 10 – PORT OF ARATU (BA)

Location: Aratu/BA
Size: Medium
Area of influence: BA.
Participation in Bahia’s foreign trade: 33, 8%
Amount of US$ it generates: US$ 1,800 million
How many states use this port: 8
Added value of the exported goods: Low
Main sectors: mineral products and chemical industry.
Highlights: This port exports an average amount of US$ 443 million in petroleum oils. In general, the port of Aratu handles products originated from the Camaçari Petrochemical Complex.

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Golden tips for importing from Brazil

It has been attested by specialists that the depreciation of the Brazilian real made the country’s account deficit  to improve. On the other hand, this depreciation of the local currency also represents a help to boost Brazil’s export competitiveness.

If you are planning on importing goods from Brazil, this current instability of the country’s political and economical areas might turn the present moment into the right time to start doing business in Brazil.

However South America’s largest economy and market is known for being among the most challenging nations in the world to do business, having local expertise in the country will guarantee the success of your overseas venture.

Being aware of that, Doracorp’s team listed some things you must consider before making the leap.

 

Key hints to guarantee your success when acquiring Brazil’s exports

As mentioned on the previous post, Brazil is very abundant in agricultural, mineral, and energy resources. These advantages have permitted the country to develop diversified industrial and economic bases. With an economically active population of 109 million people, one of Brazil’s main competitive  advantages lies on the Brazilian consumer confidence increase. This consumption growth boosted some economic sectors and gave producers and manufacturers more capital availability either to invest in new areas, to enhance their manufacturing or to improve their products to make them competitive in foreign markets.

 

Export Incentives

Brazil’s governors promote many incentives in order to promoting Brazilian exports. These incentives vary according to the state from which the good is originated, to the purpose of its use, to the type and classification of the product, etc. It is essential to be well informed on everything about the goods you intend to import from Brazil and check all the tariffs and taxes they are exempted of and also the ones that must be paid.

Development

Brazil is still a developing nation. Even though this condition often means that several areas of the economy remain underdeveloped, it can also be interpreted as a precursor for ‘high growth levels’. If you plan on investing in Brazilian acquisitions, in Brazilian corporations or to move your company basis to the country, probably one of the many growth incentive programs that the Brazilian government promotes might help you a lot.

Financing and Export Credit Guarantee

In Brazil there are many measures to stimulate exports. Low-cost financing for capital investments for enterprises and financing incentives for production of goods and services that will be offered in international markets are promoted by the Brazilian government. There is even a list of products approved by the’ Ministry of Development, Industry and Foreign Trade’ in which approved products by eligible firms can be found. Investment opportunities and export incentives are vast, but it is also important to be really well informed about the possible bureaucratic barriers you might have to deal with.

Local Companies Preference

Brazil’s varied economy attracts many companies to move into the country. At present 400 of the world’s 500 largest companies (e.g. Rolls Royce, BG Group, Shell, among others) operate in Brazil. To fight the Brazilians preference for local companies some corporations have been choosing to do so in partnership with local businesses. This makes the transition less impacting for consumers at the same time that it gives the company real insight on local economy and market.

Technology

Brazil has been slowed by the lack of investment on new technology during its development, but now there are joint efforts to improve the country’s infrastructure. In fact, many technology start-ups have grabbed the headlines lately and large corporations have also compromised to dedicate their efforts to help in the country’s economy improvement. This new attitude resulted on technology innovations, an increased production volume and much more sophisticated goods that are equal in quality in comparison to the ones from foreign origin but offer a much attractive
price.

Although each of Brazil’s target markets are also  facing constraints, which will limit the Brazilian export, other conditions, such as weaker Real (BRL) and greater government support, are certainly going to benefit  Brazil to export out of its slowdown.


We have the local knowledge to help you much more, whether you want to streamline your Brazilian operations, or set up in Brazil talk to us and let us make your imports of Brazilian goods a success.